The commemorative medal for the African Campaign of 1914-1916 and 1914-1917 was instituted on the 21th of February 1917 and restablished by royal degree on the 28th of September 1931. The award was created into two classes: Bronze and Silver. The Bronze medal was awared for natives from Cameroon, Rhodesia and East African german colonists who served in the Belgian Army in the cologny during the time 1914-1916 and later 1914-1917. The silver medal was only for Belgian (white) born soldiers.
The Royal Degree of 1931 established a bar with the inscription "Mahenghe" that was suspended on the ribbon. The bar was awarded for those who took part in the battle of Mahenge in the East African German colony.
The round medal is suspendend on a royal crown. The frontside has a sitting lion on a rock with a mountain landscape in the back. Above the lion is a five pointed star placed. On the back we find a the dates 1914-16 (first type) or 1914-17 (second type) accompanied with the following African states, written in French:
Kamerun Afrique Orientale Allemande Biamulo
Ouesso Kigali Kitega
Assoram Nyansa St. Michäel
Mulindu Udjidji Tabora
The ribbon has a light blue color with a yellow stripe on both sides.