ironcross1830

THE ANGLO-BELGIAN MILITARY MEDALS SOCIETY

'THE GLIMPS OF WAR REFLECTED IN THE BRAVERY AND SERVICE OF THOSE WHO FOUGHT AND DIED FOR OTHERS'

IRON CROSS 1830


(CROIX DE FER 1830)


 

THE IRON CROSS OF 1830 IS BELGIUMS FIRST GALLANTRY AWARD THAT WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1833 FOR THOSE WHO WHERE DISTINGUISHED WITH ACTS OF VALOR AND COURAGE, AND TO THOSE WHO WHERE SEVERLY WOUNDED.

HISTORY


On the 8th of October 1833 a law was created to establish a fund of 15.000 Belgian francs for making the Belgian Iron Cross, wich will be awarded to citicens and military personel who during the 25th of August and the 4th of February 1831 were injured, distinguished themself with an act of bravery during the battles of the revolution or persones who have contributed to the service for the nation.

A person who was decorated with the Iron Cross had the right to bear arms.

 

The Iron cross was only awarded until 1835, by wich its last recipient died in 1904.

 

MAKERS, TYPES AND DIFFERENCES


TYPES

FIRST CLASS (GOLD)

SECOND CLASS (SILVER)

DISCRIPTION OF THE AWARD


The Royal degree of 30 December 1833 describes the Belgian Iron Cross as follows:

 

A four armed cross  with a golden Lion placed on a circle on the front and on the reverse the date 1830. The ribbon had a red collor with black and yellow border stripes.

 

The description wasn't much to go on for juwellers and other makers. This is way a great variety of measures can be find in the Belgian Iron Cross.

 

By the end of augustus 1934 the medal was placed into a golden and silver class. This was executed for the holders of the Iron Medal wich was more than a coin than an exual medal. Both crosses wear the same ribbon.

 

A royal degree of February 1835 stated that recipients of the second class where now allowed to weir the first class as well.

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