The order of the crown was created by Royal Degree on the 15th of October 1897. The order was established for those who had been devoted to artistic, literary or scientific service combined with commercial activities and industrialism for the civilisation of African citizens or services rendered to the country.
On the 21th of July 1915 the governement in exile declared that all military officers who where decorated with the order of the crown had the right for a pension of 100 Belgian francs.
The decoration has a white enamelled five pointed cross, with each seven sunbeams within each arm. The center of the cross holds a bleu enamelled medallion with a golden crown attached in the middle. On the back the monogram of Leopold II has placed in a simular medallion. The cross is attached on a green and gold enamelled garland.
The medal has a red/brown color for the first four classes. For the palms and medals the ribbon has a white stripe on both outsides of the ribbon.