servicestar

THE ANGLO-BELGIAN MILITARY MEDALS SOCIETY

'THE GLIMPS OF WAR REFLECTED IN THE BRAVERY AND SERVICE OF THOSE WHO FOUGHT AND DIED FOR OTHERS'

SERVICE STAR (COLONIAL)


(CROIX DE SERVICE)


 

THE SERVICE STAR WAS A SERVICE MEDAL THAT WAS INSTITUED FOR THE BELGIAN SOLDIERS AND SERVICEMEN WHO SERVED IN THE BELGIAN COLONY OF CONGO. THIS STAR WAS INITIALY INSTITUTED AS A SILVER STAR, BUT WAS UPGRADED INTO A GOLD AND SILVER CLASS UNDER THE REIGN OF ALBERT I. BECAUSE THE AWARD WAS AWARDED UNDER THREE BELGIAN KINGS IT ALSO HAS THREE MODELS WITH THE MONOGRAMS OF EACH KING.  

HISTORY


The service cross was established on the 16th of January 1889. This cross was instituted for service in Congo (a Belgian Colony at the time). The first model of the service star was made in silver. The golden service star was established under King Albert I on the 28th of November 1910 and was 10mm bigger than the silver star. The golden service star was founded for servicemen who served at least 10 years in Congo.

 

When the medal was established in 1889, article 4 also established a silver bar for the medal for each service rendered in Congo.

 

 

MAKERS, TYPES AND DIFFERENCES


TYPES

1St Model (1889 - 1910)

2nd Model (1910 - 1936)

Golden service star

3th Model (1936 - 1956)

DISCRIPTION OF THE AWARD


1St model (1889-1910)

The silver service cross has a measurement of 30 mm and consist out of a five pointed silver star with a medallion in the middle with a golden five pointed star. The back  has the moto of Congo Freestate 'Travail et progress'. The first model has no Golden service cross

 

2nd model (1910-1936)

The second model of the service cross in silver has the monogram of Albert II enamelled in stead of the star. The moto on the back is the same as the first model. The second model has a golden service cross wich measures 40mm.

 

3th model (1936-1956)

The third model was created in 1936 under king Leopold III and his monogram (also enamelled) of two LL's was replaced of this from Albert I. The back of the medal has the moto also enamelled.

 

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