vuurkruis

THE ANGLO-BELGIAN MILITARY MEDALS SOCIETY

'THE GLIMPS OF WAR REFLECTED IN THE BRAVERY AND SERVICE OF THOSE WHO FOUGHT AND DIED FOR OTHERS'

VUURKRUIS 


(CROIX DE FEU)


 

THE 'VUURKRUIS' OR 'CROIX DE FEU' WAS A MEDAL INSTITUTED FOR SOLDIERS WHO RECIEVED THE SO CALLED 'VUURKAART'. THIS CARD HELDS THE SERVICE DETAILS OF THE SOLDIER DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR. BECAUSE OF SO MANY BELGIAN SOLDIERS SERVED DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR, THE GOVERNEMENT FIRST ESTABLISHED A SMALL BADGE. THIS WAS CHANGED A FEW MONTHS LATER WHEN THE OFFICIAL MEDAL WAS INTRODUCED. 

HISTORY


CARD

The 'Carte du feu' or 'Vuurkaart' was established on the 14th of May 1932 by Royal Degree. The card was instituted to Belgian soldiers in the Belgian army who had at least twelve months of service within the periode of 4 August 1914 and 11 November 1918 during the First World War. The card would also be given to where wounded during the battles.

The royal degree of 24 April 1933 created a special badge for the holders of the 'Vuurkaart' or 'Carte du Feu".

BADGE

MEDAL

The 'Vuurkruis' or 'Croix de feu' was established on the 6th of February 1934 for those who recieved the 'vuurkaart' or 'Carte de Feu'. The 'Vuurkruis' was given posthumesly to the 'Belgian unknown soldier' on 11th juni 1936. The award was last given on 14 November 1960 to a veteran of the First World War.

The card has a red collor with the National army symbol on the front. Inside a picture of the recipient is placed together with every amery detail. Every recipient of the card can be found in the so called 'Guldenboek der Vuurkaart'.

MAKERS, TYPES AND DIFFERENCES


TYPES

TYPE  1

The first type is easy to recognise by the great helmet on the front and the 'Boxed' dates on the reverse

Small badge of the medal, this has nothing to do with the official badge

The second type has a undetailed background in the front and has a big laurelleaf on the back

DISCRIPTION OF THE AWARD


The 'Vuurkruis' has the shape of a vertical cross with a rectancle placed on both sides. On this rectancle we find a battlescene on the front flanked with laurelleafs on the outside. The battlescene shows a bayonet and helmet lying on the ground. In the background we see a canon on a hill and the sun.On the back we found a Royal crown in the left upper corner, an upwards laurel with the text 'Salus Patria Supremalex' through it. In the right end corner we found the dates 1914-1918

BADGE

The badge was made of a Maltezer cross

 

The badge has a measurement of 20mm in diameter

Small badge

Medium badge

Large badge

PLAQUES

SILVER (OFFICER) PLAQUE

BRONZE PLAQUE

LINKS

ASSOCIATED MEMBERS